کتاب آزادی حیوانات

اثر پیتر سینگر از انتشارات ققنوس - مترجم: بهنام خداپناه-دهه 1970 میلادی

Since its original publication in 1975, this groundbreaking work has awakened millions of concerned men and women to the shocking abuse of animals everywhere -- inspiring a worldwide movement to eliminate much of the cruel and unnecessary laboratory animal experimentation of years past. Peter Singer exposes the chilling realities of todays factory forms and product-testing procedures -- offering sound, humane solutions to what has become a profound environmental and social as well as moral issue. An appeal to conscience, fairness, decency and justice, Animal Liberation is essential reading for the supporter and the skeptic alike.v


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ive read some of singers later work on euthanasia and infanticide. guess it all flows logically from this. i want an edition printed on vellum, and bound in leather.

مشاهده لینک اصلی
First released in 1975, Singers book started the worldwide Animal Rights Movement. This second edition explores the progress since its first release.

Singer is a Professor in Philosophy and Bioethics at Princeton and a Laureate Professor at the Centre for Applied Philosophy and Public Ethics at the University of Melbourne, so its unsurprising that Singer writes sound ethical arguments (not based on emotion) against the mistreatment of animals in the meat, dairy, cosmetic and medical research industries.

@The question is not, can they reason? Nor can they talk? But can they suffer?@ 👈🏻 the capacity for suffering is the vital characteristic that gives beings the right to equal consideration.

This book tackles the fact that most humans are speciesists (the practices that require the sacrifice of the most important interests of other species in order to promote the most trivial interests of our own species), how western society has historically created this speciesism, how government and agribusiness has continued this dominance. Singer shows how animal food production, military and commercial research is ethically indefensible but for agribusiness shamefully wasteful depriving the worlds poorest from food.

I confess to being a speciesist for the majority of my life due to my previous understanding of @societal norms@ and complete ignorance of the human races treatment of the animal species. Quite rightly Singer states @...ignorance is the speciesists first line of defence@ 🙈

But today it has never been easier to gain this knowledge, find the truth and become more liberated. Im still learning every day but the more ethical I can become in my decisions will not only benefit the other species I share the planet with, my own health and morality but also the planet itself and my fellow humans beings. This book has just enlightened me further!

مشاهده لینک اصلی
Absolute aanrader, iedereen zou dit boek moeten gelezen hebben! Heel rationeel beargumenteerd waarom men pro vegetarisme zou moeten zijn, niet alleen toen in de tweede helft van de 20e eeuw, maar nu nog steeds.

مشاهده لینک اصلی
What made me transition to not eating meat, some years ago, was when I really thought about whether or not it could it be condoned. At the back of my mind for some time was the obvious truth that there is no intellectual justification for killing animals - even less so for the tortuous and barbaric conditions that we force them to endure. The arguments that you are likely to get are that they taste nice (no disagreement there) or that we human beings have always done it: both laughably inadequate. Singer sets out in brilliant detail why it is wrong to make animals suffer. Essentially, it comes to down to the notion of “speciesism”.  We have to accept the obvious: that in suffering, animals are our equal: “If a being suffers there can be no justification for refusing to take that suffering into consideration”.


Singer travels back to the establishment of the Vegetarian Society in England in 1847 to highlight when the term was first coined and takes a short tour, via Da Vinci, Voltaire, Hume and Bentham, through its intellectual history. It is not surprising that this section is short because it is only since our population has ballooned after springing the Malthusian trap that we have witnessed the industrialised torture of farm animals, as the scale of the demand for meat became impossible to fill via organic farm husbandry.


Before getting into whether or not it is ethical to torture animals to eat them, Singer chronicles how the majority of experiments on animals are avoidable and unnecessary. For example, extensive tests were conducted on animals at the beginning of the nineteenth century to see whether they suffered from heat stroke. The same tests were repeated one hundred years later. What cruel Gods we are. Why?


Scientists like Thomas Gennarelli, who laughed and lied about the torture that they inflicted upon any number of poor defenceless animals, are viewed as infallible in society. We trust them to do the right thing with minimal oversight. This has led to very little media reporting of the numbers involved in animal testing. For example, during a five year period in Ireland this year millennium, 100,000 live animals were killed by Trinity College Dublin. This is completely unacceptable.


Discussing the vile practice of the “debeaking” of hens and cutting the tails off pigs that are kept captive, Singer asks the question: why do we “mutilate the animals instead of giving them the living conditions that they need?” If you have a reasonable rationale, do let me know. Thankfully, some visual images are making it into popular consciousness. The wonderful Samsara movie contains some distressing pictures of the tragic lives that sows are forced to endure. Watch it if you have not already. As there is no need to fatten up sows, they, unlike other animals, are not fed properly and are kept in a constant state of hunger due to there being no economic reason to do otherwise.  They can frequently be seen gnawing at the bars of their cages, so desperate is their constant hunger.


There. Is. No. Justification. For. This.


In the words of Isaac Bashevis: “in their behaviour towards creatures, all men are Nazis”. I despise the hurling about of the word “Nazi” in modern parlance, cheapened as it is by virtue-signalling dilettantes who apply it to those with whom they disagree. Yet Bashevi is correct to apply it in this regard.


The reality is, as Singer writes: “until we boycott meat we are each one of us contributing to the continued existence, prosperity and growth of factory farming and all the other cruel practices used in rearing animals for food”. He beseeches us to write to our local elected officials if we live in a democratic society.  Interestingly, it was an Irishman, Richard Martin, who in 1821, as an MP for Galway (Ireland had not yet won her independence) that introduced a bill that would protect horses. This was met with predictable howls of condemnation, yet it led to the enforcement of these rules which later helped to create the RSPCA. It is time this generation took up Singer’s mantle in order to “give gentle usage to these creatures” as Hume wrote. Ultimately, like all changes in society and humanity, “The way in which we answer this question depends on the way in which each of us, individually, answers it”. There is no shirking it. Tough as it might be in the beginning, we need to stop eating innocent creatures because “animal liberation is human liberation too”. Ask yourself the question, can you justify eating your dinner knowing that it has caused a sentient creature to be tortured? If not, you know what to do.

مشاهده لینک اصلی
Thorough and insightful, but it never addresses my main argument against vegetarianism: bacon wrapped scallops.

مشاهده لینک اصلی
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